Are you ready for the new era of Agricultural Technology?

Thailand is considered one of the world’s biggest exporter of rice and other agricultural products such as corns, rubbers, soybeans, sugarcane, and cassava. Thailand has been a successful agricultural society due to the abundance of natural resources. However, Thai farmers have practised traditional farming for hundreds of years until the present, whilst the world’s agricultural system is very competitive especially in agriculture technology. To keep the world’s leading in agricultural product, the farmer needs to be aware of agricultural technology, was called “smart agriculture/smart farming.” WHAT SMART FARMING IS?

Farmer uses smart farming technology such as drone in farmland.

Smart agriculture is the agricultural developing by combining technology and innovation such as UAV, Internet of Things (IoT), Big data & Analytics, Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) in farming activity. The example of using agricultural technology such as using drones to monitor and assess the crop health, using a drone to spray fertilizer instead of human or using smart sensors to monitor the temperature change, humidity, or wind direction in paddy fields. Smart agriculture ability to boost farmer to improve the quality and quantity of agriculture products reduced the cost of operation and increase more sustainability.

Crop Health Monitoring Using NDVI

One of the most popular techniques used to monitor crop health or crop stress is the considering of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index which derived from drone imagery or satellite imagery.

The different spectral reflectance of 2 types of plants (healthy and unhealthy)

Normalized Difference Vegetation Index or NDVI is the most common index in remote sensing technology that often used to monitor drought, forecast agricultural production. NDVI quantifies vegetation by measuring the difference between near-infrared (NIR spectrum) and red light (red spectrum)

NDVI is calculated by the formula:

NDVI ranges from -1 to +1 where negative values represent the clouds, water and snow, values ​​close to zero represents rocks and bare soil, Values close to 1 represent the high density of green leave area.
Source: eos.com/ndvi/

Besides the developing in agriculture technology, sustainable development is an important issue for people focusing on. People need clean air, good natural resources, and a nontoxic environment to improve a better quality of life. Beside of mention issue, people are going to be concerned about the global warming crisis which gives the environmental impact on the environment and human health.

Global warming caused by increased concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere especially Carbon dioxide, which is the concentration of 47%. Carbon dioxide is the most important greenhouse gas related to climate change that we need to recognize.

What Carbon Credits are?

Carbon dioxide emitted from industrial and captured by forest.

According to The Kyoto Protocol which is the first global protocol perform to address climate change through the reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emission (GHG)emissions, party or country with commitments under the Kyoto Protocol have limited or reducing emissions of Carbon dioxide. However, almost impossible that the industrialized country would suddenly stop emission; therefore, the protocol was designing a flexible mechanism to support developed countries to reduce emissions by carrying out the project include Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Joint Implementation (JI) and Emissions Trading (ET). The projects aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions as much as possible. As a result, the carbon reduction activity was express in term of carbon credit.

A “carbon credit” is a certificate which permits holder the right to emit Carbon dioxide and represents the permanent removal of Carbon dioxide from the atmosphere (CFI,2021).

THE ROLE OF FOREST IN CO2 REDUCTION SOLUTION

Forest is an important pathway to deal with global warming as the tree will absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, remove and store the carbon, and along with releasing oxygen back into the air. For this reason, almost every business sector, cooperate or international corporate carry out the project supports tree planting, increase the forest area to reduce global warming, reduce the financial impact on business, and create a good image for the organization.

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